Posted in: languages

Word Roots: F

F, Y, V, U, W: Waw

I. Digamma – finger, club, hook

手指: frisk, forge, fend, five, four , fix, farm, feel, food, factory, figure, fight, finish, future, force, fort, festival, flirt, find, 

II. F 流动感 / 拟声词 onomatopoeia = onoma (name + poeia = to make [poem] )  

风/气:flurry, flow, fly, fan, flu, fall, free, fast, first, front, 

火:fire, flame, fury, fry, fever, flash, fusion

水:fulfill, flow, fill, flood, fluid, float, ford, fluent, 

缓慢动感:field, form, firm, fossil, father, family, friend

fer (carry, bring,  bear) 手指延伸的地方, 双手伸开

prefer, transfer, refer, differ, confer, conference, defer (delay, yield), deference, deferential, deferment, proffer, infer, proliferate, indifferent, vociferous, conifer, aquifer

suffering (trial of ordeal, tribulation)

fest (feast, holidays) 手舞足蹈,喧闹

fete, feast, gabfest, fiesta, festoon, festal

  • difficult = dif (dis) 否定 + fic (do) 干 + ult (极度)
  • office =  of 加强 + fic (宗教领域 – 政府机构 – 世俗场合); officer, official, officious, butt in, nosy
  • sacrifice
  • affect = af 加强 + fect, disaffect, disaffected, affective, affection, affectionate, affectation, 【做作,动作本身】
  • effect = af (ex) 出,出来 + fect, effective, effectuate, efficacy, efficacious, efficient, [做的结果]
  • defect, defection, deficient, 
  • infect, infection, infectious
  • perfect, perfection, confection
  • fact, factoid, factor, factory, factual, factually,  factitious, artifact = art 技能 + fact, manufacture, manufactory, olfactory, factotum
  • faction, factious, petrifaction, putrefaction, rarefaction
  • benefit, benefactor, benefaction, malfeasance
  • facile, facility, facilitate
  • facsimile
  • profit, proficient, fiction, fictive, discomfit, comfit
  • suffice, sufficient, 
  • magnificent, 
  • feat, feature, feasible, 
  • forfeit, counterfeit, surfeit, feign, feint

fig (shape): effigy, figment

figur (form, shape): figure, configuration, figurehead, figurative, figurine, prefigure, 

funct (perform, complete): function, defunct, fungible, perfunctory, 

-fy (make, do): satisfy, putrefy, rarefy, stupefy

fan: fanatic, fanaticism, profane

flu (flow, stream, glide): affluence, confluence, mellifluous, superfluous, fluorescent, flux, effluvia

foli (leaf): 风吹落叶 defoliate, exfoliate, foliage, portfolio

fortun (luck, chance): 风吹来的东西 fortune, fortuity, fortunate, fortuitous, fortuneteller

fug (flee) = f + u + g : refugee, fugitive, centrifugal, fugue, subterfuge 

febr: fever, febrile, feverish

ferv (boil, be hot): fervor, fervid, effervesce, effervescent, fervent

fer (wild): fierce, ferocious, vociferous, 

flagr (burn): flagrant, conflagration

flam (flame): aflame, inflame, inflammation, flamboyant, flamingo 

fulg (shine, flash): refulgent, effulgent

fur (rage, be mad): fury, furious, furor, infuriate

felic: happy, lucky

felicity, 

fin (end, form a boundary): finite, refine, define, confine, finesse, affinity, infinitesimal, 

fili (daughter, son): filial, affiliate

form (shape): formative, formulate, nonconformist, format, formula, reform, cruciform, cuneiform, informant

fund (bottom, depths, basis): profound, flounder, profundity, 

fut (check, restrain): refute, confute

front: confront, affront (insult, atrocity), frontier, effrontery (impudence, impertinence)

fend: fend for oneself, fend off, parry off, ward off

van = one 第一, 前面,void, vain, vant, vac, vacu, wan

van, vanish, vanishing, vanity, advance, advantage, vanguard, vantage (shortage), vanward, vain, vainglory, vault, vaunt, vaunted, evanescent (vanishing, evaporating),

vac: vacuum, vacate, vacation, vacant, vacuity, evacuation, evacuate, vacuous, vacancy, vacant, evacuee. 

void (empty space) : void, avoid, avoidance, devoid of (lacking), avoidable, avoidance, 

wan (lessen) : wane, wanton, want, wanting

vent = wind;

  • venīre, “to come.”
  • vertere, “to turn.”
  • vehere “to carry.”

风,来,去, 走,  转:

VENI VIDI VICI – Julius Caesar 我来了,我看见,我征服

风口=路口=来,去,走的地方

  • invent, venture, venture capital, venturous,
  • adverse, advertise, anniversary, divert, subvert, convert, versatile
  • advent, appearance, emergence, dawn
  • adventitious, adventure, adventurism, adventuresome, revenue,
  • convent, convene (convoke), convener, convention,
  • intervene, intervenor, intervention, intervening,
  • venue, avenue,
  • circumvent, circumvention,
  • contravene, contravention,
  • event, eventual, eventuate, eventuality, eventful,
  • prevent, prevenient, provenance,
  • ventilate, ventilator, vent-duct, convenient, souvenir, covenant, supervene, 

via (way): trivial (three + way) [paltry – poor, nugatory], trifle, viaduct

vend, vendor, venal, venality

vad, vas 强行,闯入

invade, invasion, invasive, evade, invade, pervade, devastation, devastate (raze to the ground), 

wad: 走路费劲,吃力地走

wade, wader, waddle, 

vag (wander, roam, rove): 没有目的的走,溜达

vague, vagary. vagaries, vagarious, vagrant, vagrancy, vagabondage, vagabond, extravagant, extravaganza, divagate (stray, digress), divagation, noctivagant, 

vec: vector, invective, convective, convection

veh: vehicle, inveigh against (fulminate), vehement, vehicular

vener (worship, revere, honor): venerate, venerable, veneration

ver (fear): revere, irreverent, reverent, reverend

ver (truth): aver, verity, very, verily, verify, verdict, veracious, veritable, verisimilitude, veracity

verg: converge, diverge, verge, 

vert: advert, divert, convert, controvert, animadvert, pervert, extrovert, introvert, invert, vertigo, subvert (overturn), incontrovertible, vortex, revert, advertorial, inadvertent, avert, 

vestig: footprint

  • vestige: the last vestiges of colonialism
  • investigate
  • vestigial: He felt a vestigial flicker of anger from last night.

voc (call), vok (call, call upon): vocat (called, called upon), vouch (call, call upon)

  • advocate, vociferate, vociferous, vocalize, voice, vocal, vocalization, vouch, avouch, vouchsafe, voucher
  • equivocate, equivocal, 
  • vocation,
  • convoke, convocation
  • revoke, revocation, 
  • invoke (cite, adduce)
  • evoke, evocation, 
  • provoke, provocative, provocation

volat (fly, move swiftly, speed): volley (barrage, bombardment), volatile

====

volv 滚动,转动 (圆半径不变):  evolve, evolvement, devolve (delegate), revolver, convolve, involve, involvement, involved, 

volu 涡流,漩涡 (圆半径变大/小): voluble (wordy, verbose), volubility, volute, volution, convolute, involute, involution,

evolution, evolutional, evolutive, devolution, convoluted, circumvolution,

revolution, counterrevolution, revolute, revolutionary, revolutionize 

volume, voluminous, voluminousness, volumetric

volt 卷: revolt, revolting, 

===

vor (eat): devour, voracious, voracity, omnivore, carnivore, herbivore, insectivore, 

vot (promise, pledge) T-mark: vow, devote, voter, devout, votary

val (be strong, be of value): valid, available, valiant, valorous, prevail, ambivalent, equivalent, convalescent, evaluate, prevalent, valedictorian

vibr: vibe, vibrant, verve (zest, buoyant),

  • vibrate: reverberate, resonate, resound, pulsate, pulse, palpitate, waver, quiver, thunder

verberare (to whip, to lash): verber, reverberate (resound, repel, echo, reflect), 

vig (act, be lively): vigor, vigil, vigilance, vigilante, surveillance, 

viv: vivacious, convivial (congenial, outgoing), vivify, revive, vivacity, viability

virt: virtue, virtuoso (master, prodigy)

vir (poison): viral, virus, virulent, retrovirus, virologist, virulence, 

vic: vice, vicious, vitiate, vituperate (revile, upbraid, berate)

vin (win): evince (reveal, show), convince, victor, evict, invincible, vanquish, vindicate

vin (wine): vintage, vignetter, vine, viniculture, vineyard, 

 

view: purview

vulg (make common, publish): 

  • vulgar, vulgarize, vulgarism, vulgarity, 
  • divulge (reveal), promulgate, promulgation

vuls: convulse (jerk, go into spasms), convulsion, revulsion (repulsion, repugnance)

vap (steam, spoiled, flat – 气体无色无味): vapor, vaporize, vapid (insipid), vaporous, evaporate, evaporation

vari (different, diverse): vary, variegate, variation, variance, variety, 

veil (curtain): veil, unveil, reveal

verb (word):

  • verb, adverb,
  • proverb, proverbial, verbiage, verbal, verbatim (word for word), verbose, verbosity, verbalize, 

verd (green): verdant, verdure

vest: invest, vested, divest, travesty (distortion), divestiture, 

veter: veteran, inveterate (hardcore), inveteracy, veterinary, veterinarian, 

vid (see): provident, providential

vis (see): envision, proviso, provisional, visage, envisage, improvise, 

vey (see, look at): survey, purvey (sell, provide), clairvoyant (seer, oracle/prophet, crystal gazer), 

 

wast (desolate, laid waste): wastrel

vestig (footprint): after wind: vestige, vestigial, investigate

und (wave): inundate (deluge), redound (be conducive to),  surround, abundance, redundant (glut – lot, superfluous, plethora), superabundance, abound, undulate, undulant,

us (use): usurp (abdicate, abjure, cede), peruse (scrutinize), usury, 

util (useful): utilitarian, utilize

Leave a Reply