如：worst still, sure enough, strange, most important of all等.
Strange, there is nobody in the classroom.很奇怪,教室里没人.
如：personally, honestly, fortunately, luckily, for us, though, besides, exactly, surely, frankly, still otherwise 等.
Luckily for you, I happen to have the key.你很运气,我正好带了钥匙.
如：of course, in short, as a matter of fact, by the way, on the other hand, in my opinion, in conclusion等.
In short, we should not stop halfway.简言之,我们不能半途而废.
As a result, they suffered heavy losses.结果,他们受到了严重损失.
On the contrary, we should strengthen our ties with them.相反,我们还应加强和他们的联系.
如：generally speaking, judging from/ by …, talking of…, considering…等.
Considering his age, he did very well.从年龄考虑,他干得挺不错.
Frankly speaking, I don”t like the job.坦率地说,我不喜欢这份工作.
Talking of singing, will you go to the concert with me tonight?说到唱歌,你今晚愿意和我一块去音乐会吗?
Painted white, we like the house better.漆成白色,我们更喜欢这房子.
如：to be sure, to be frank(坦率地说),to tell you the truth(说实话),so to speak (可以说)等.
To be frank, I don”t quite agree with you.坦率地说,我不太同意你的意见.
That”s a wonderful idea, to be sure.这个主意好极了,的确.
To tell you the truth, I am not very interested in going to the show.说实在的,我不太想去看演出.
如：all the same(尽管如此),all told(总共),all in all(总的来说)等.
His crew was reduced to twenty-four all told.他的船员减少到总共二十四人.
All in all, her condition is greatly improved.总的来说,她的情况有很大好转.
如：if so / not / any, if I may say so, if you don”t mind, as you know, as you say 等.
If I may say so, we know nothing about it.正如我所说的,我们对它一无所知.
This man, as you know, is good for nothing.正如你所说的,这个人是个废物.
如：I say /hear, I think /hope / believe, you know / see, what”s more, that is (to say), I”m afraid, do you think / suppose等.
It”s a great mistake, I think, not to accept their proposal.我看,不接受他们的建议是个大错误.
The temple disappeared, no one remembers when.谁也不记得什么时候这座庙就没有了.
The old man, it is said, was an artist but people hardly know anything about this side of his life.据说,这位老人曾是个艺术家,可是人们对他这方面的生活几乎一无所知.
如：He was (strange as it seems)an excellent sportsman.他(尽管还显得令人不解)是个出色的运动员.
He was -to me at least, if not to you-a figure that was worth having pity on.至少我觉得如此,即使你不这样认为,他是一个值得同情的人.
1. however 然而
2. obviously 显然
3. frankly 坦率地说
4. briefly 简单地说
5. indeed 的确
6. honestly 真的
7. fortunately/luckily 幸好
8. I believe 我相信
9. I wonder 我不知道
10. in the first place 首先
11. in addition 此外
12. of course 当然
13. for instance/example 例如
14. strictly speaking 严格地说
15. generally speaking 一般来说
16. judging from… 根据……判断
17. that is 也就是说
18. it seems 看来是
19. in fact // as a matter of fact 事实上
20. needless to say 不用说
21. strange to say 说也奇怪
22. to tell the truth 老实说
23. to be sure 无疑
24. to sum up 概括地说
25. I am sure 我可以肯定地说
26. luckily/happily for sb. 算某人幸运
27. most important of all 最为重要的是
28. what is important/serious 重要/严重的是
29. in general 一般而言
30. in other words 换句话说
31. in a sense 在某种意义上
32. in my view // as I see it 在我看来
33. from my point of view // from my perspective/viewpoint 我认为
34. in conclusion 总之
35. in summary 概括地说
36. in a few words // in sum // in short 简而言之
direct quotes don’t need quotation marks.
refer to NCE4-8 “Trading Standards”
Use inserted phrases to change a clause into a main sentence.
Dogs, it seems, love to chew up money.
It seems that dogs love to chew up money.
Why, you may wonder, should spiders be our friends?
You may wonder why spiders are our friends.
Many of us believe that economic development is of paramount importance to China.
Economic development, many of us believe, is of paramount importance to China.