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Words: actions by mouth

add v. 补充说

  • He added that a student had dressed up as a policeman and was playing all sorts of silly jokes on people.
  • Then I added with a smile, ‘It’s a strange mixture I make myself.’


  • When he received a very rude reply from one of the workmen, he threatened to remove them by force.

point out

  • At this, the police pointed out ironically that this would hardly be necessary as the men were already under arrest.


  • However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.


  • It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered.


  • …, as one of them put it ‘ate like kings’.
  • I don’t know how to put it.


  • The writer stated that Rastus was in safe hands …


  • She explained that Rastus was very dear to her.


to speak or say something in a quiet voice in a way that is not clear mutter

  •  mumble (to somebody/yourself) I could hear him mumbling to himself.
  •  mumble something (to somebody/yourself) She mumbled an apology and left.
  •  + speech ‘Sorry,’ she mumbled.
  •  mumble that… She mumbled that she was sorry.
  •  mumble about something I couldn’t understand what he was mumbling about.
  • He was still mumbling (mumble) something about hospitals at the end of the party when he slipped on a piece of ice and broke his left leg.


to beg with emotions and repetition

  • plead (with somebody) (to do something)
  • plead (with somebody) (for something)
  • plead to do something
  • + speech
  • ===
  • pleading eyes
  • His eyes silently pleaded with her.
  • The teacher was today desperately pleading for news of her son who has disappeared.
  • They pleaded for mercy.

[in court]

  • (+ adj.) 
  • to plead guilty/not guilty
  • How do you plead? (= said by the judge at the start of the trial)
  • The accused was deemed unfit to plead.
  • They hired a top lawyer to plead their case.

plead something: to say something as an excuse or explanation:  

  • Plead ignorance/illness/tiredness/insanity /a headache
  • He tried to plead insanity (= say that he was seriously mentally ill and therefore not responsible for his actions) but the court convicted him.
  • She left early, pleading pressure of work.
  • Ellie pleaded illness and went to bed very early.
  • No one can plead ignorance of a subject any longer for there are countless DIY publications.

to argue in support of somebody/something

  •  plead something 
  • She appeared on television to plead the cause of political prisoners everywhere.
  •  plead for somebody/something 
  • The United Nations has pleaded for a halt to the bombing.


[intransitive] to make a deeply felt request to the public, especially for something that is needed immediately

  • I am appealing (= asking for money) on behalf of the famine victims.
  •  appeal for something 
  • Community leaders appealed for calm (= urged people to remain calm).
  •  appeal to somebody 
  • Appeal directly to the public, answer their questions.
  •  appeal to somebody for something 
  • The government appealed to the British people for help.
  •  appeal for somebody to do something 
  • Police have appealed for witnesses to come forward.
  •  appeal to somebody to do something 
  • Organizers appealed to the crowd not to panic.

[intransitive] to make a formal request to a court or to somebody in authority for a judgment or a decision to be changed

  • He said he would appeal after being found guilty on four counts of murder.
  •  appeal against something 
  • The company is appealing against the ruling.
  •  appeal to somebody/something against something 
  • He is seeking leave to appeal to the High Court against the decision.
  •  appeal to somebody/something 
  • Permission to appeal to the House of Lords was refused.

[intransitive] appeal (to something) to try to persuade somebody to do something by suggesting that it is a fair, reasonable or honest thing to do

  • They needed to appeal to his sense of justice.

entreat (formal)

to ask somebody to do something in a serious and often emotional way

  •  entreat somebody 
  • Please help me, I entreat you.
  •  entreat somebody to do something
  •  She entreated him not to go.
  •  entreat (somebody) + speech 
  • ‘Please don’t go,’ she entreated (him).
implore & beseech (very formal, literary)
to ask somebody to do something in an anxious way because you want or need it very much
  •  implore somebody to do something 
  • She implored him to stay.
  •  implore (somebody) + speech 
  • ‘Help me,’ he implored.
  •  implore somebody 
  • Tell me it’s true. I implore you.
cackle – chicken
  • to cackle with glee/laughter/mirth/pleasure/delight
  • He cackled wildly at the thought.
  •  + speech 
  • ‘I won. Too bad,’ she cackled.
bellow – bull
[intransitive, transitive] to shout in a loud deep voice, especially because you are angry 
  •  bellow (at somebody) 
  • They bellowed at her to stop.
  • Do you have to bellow in my ear?
  •  bellow something (at somebody) 
  • The coach bellowed instructions from the sidelines.
  •  + speech 
  • ‘Get over here!’ he bellowed.
grunt –  pig
[intransitive, transitive] (of people) to make a short, low sound in your throat, especially to show that you are in pain, annoyed or not interested; to say something using this sound
  • He pulled harder on the rope, grunting with the effort.
  • When I told her what had happened she just grunted and turned back to her book.
  •  grunt something He grunted something about being late and rushed out.
  •  + speech 
  • ‘Thanks,’ he grunted.
bleat – goat, sheep
[intransitive, transitive] bleat (on) (about something) | bleat that… | + speech to speak in a weak or complaining voice
  • ‘But I’ve only just got here,’ he bleated feebly.
warble – bird (whirl)
[transitive, intransitive] warble (something) | + speech (humorous) to sing, especially in a high voice that is not very steady
  • He warbled his way through the song.
  • Several people complained of ‘cat-like noises’ at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree.


nag sb. to do something

  • When my wife nagged me to do something about it, I told her that either I would have to buy a new mower or let the grass grow.


to criticize somebody/something very strongly

damn somebody/something 

  • The film was damned by the critics for its mindless violence.


[transitive] to criticize somebody/something very strongly

slam somebody/something(used especially in newspapers)

  • The government has been slammed for failing to take firm action against drinking and driving.

rail (at/against something/somebody) | + speech (formal) to complain about something/somebody in a very angry way

  • She railed against the injustice of it all.


[intransitive, transitive] to show that you are very angry about something or with somebody, especially by shouting

  •  rage (at/against/about somebody/something) He raged against the injustice of it all.
  •  + speech ‘That’s unfair!’ she raged.


to speak angrily to somebody, especially a child, because they have done something wrong

  •  scold somebody (for doing something) He scolded them for arriving late.
  •  scold somebody for something Rose scolded the child gently for her bad behaviour.
  •  + speech ‘Don’t be such a baby!’ he scolded.



[transitive] to criticize somebody/something severely

  •  attack somebody/something 
  • His latest work has been bitterly attacked by the critics.
  • attack somebody/something for something 
  • He was publicly attacked for his political views.
  •  attack somebody/something for doing something 
  • The police have been attacked for failing to take immediate action.
  • She has been attacked for ignoring her own party members.
  •  attack somebody/something over something 
  • The council has been attacked over its lack of investment in public services.


to criticize, to say very strongly that you think something is bad, usually for moral reasons

  •  condemn somebody/something 
  • The government issued a statement condemning the killings.
  •  condemn somebody/something for/as something 
  • The editor of the newspaper was condemned as lacking integrity.


to strongly criticize somebody/something that you think is wrong, illegal, etc.

  •  denounce somebody/something 
  • She publicly denounced the government’s handling of the crisis.
  •  denounce somebody/something as something
  •  The project was denounced as a scandalous waste of public money.

to tell the police, the authorities, etc. about somebody’s illegal political activities

  •  denounce somebody as something 
  • They were denounced as spies.
  •  denounce somebody (to somebody) 
  • Many people denounced their neighbours to the secret police.
  • Someone in the village must have denounced them to the authorities.


to strongly criticize somebody/something, especially publicly

decry somebody/something (as something) 

  • The measures were decried as useless.

castigate somebody/something/yourself (for something) to criticize somebody/something/yourself severely

  • He castigated himself for being so stupid.
  • The minister castigated schools for falling standards in education.

censure [often passive] (formal)

to criticize somebody severely, and often publicly, because of something they have done

  •  be censured (for doing something) He was censured for leaking information to the press.
  •  be censured (for something) The manager was severely censured for negligence.

excoriate somebody/something (formal) to criticize somebody/something severely

chastise somebody (for something/for doing something) (formal) to criticize somebody for doing something wrong

  • He chastised the team for their lack of commitment.

revile [often passive] (formal)

revile somebody (for something/for doing something) to criticize somebody/something in a way that shows how much you dislike them

rebuke [often passive] (formal)

rebuke somebody (for something/for doing something) to speak severely to somebody because they have done something wrong

  • The company was publicly rebuked for having neglected safety procedures.
  • She rebuked herself for her stupidity.

reprimand (re+press)

to tell somebody officially that you do not approve of them or their actions

  •  reprimand somebody for something The officers were severely reprimanded for their unprofessional behaviour.
  •  reprimand somebody for doing something The judge reprimanded him for using such language in court.
  •  + speech ‘Don’t be so childish,’ she reprimanded.



to protest or complain about something/somebody

remonstrate (with somebody) (about something) | + speech 

  • They remonstrated with the official about the decision.
  • Shortly afterwards, four more policemen arrived and remonstrated with the workmen. 
  • I went to the boss to remonstrate against the new rules.
  • The editor remonstrated with him about the inaccuracies in the story.
  • He remonstrated with the waitress about the size of the bill. 

repudiate something 

to say officially and/or publicly that something is not true SYNONYM deny

  • to repudiate a report





Nothing can be compared, he maintains, with the first cock crow, the twittering of birds at dawn, the sight of the rising sun on the trees and pastures.