add v. 补充说
- He added that a student had dressed up as a policeman and was playing all sorts of silly jokes on people.
- Then I added with a smile, ‘It’s a strange mixture I make myself.’
- When he received a very rude reply from one of the workmen, he threatened to remove them by force.
- At this, the police pointed out ironically that this would hardly be necessary as the men were already under arrest.
- However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.
- It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered.
- …, as one of them put it ‘ate like kings’.
- I don’t know how to put it.
- The writer stated that Rastus was in safe hands …
- She explained that Rastus was very dear to her.
to speak or say something in a quiet voice in a way that is not clear mutter
- mumble (to somebody/yourself) I could hear him mumbling to himself.
- mumble something (to somebody/yourself) She mumbled an apology and left.
- + speech ‘Sorry,’ she mumbled.
- mumble that… She mumbled that she was sorry.
- mumble about something I couldn’t understand what he was mumbling about.
- He was still mumbling (mumble) something about hospitals at the end of the party when he slipped on a piece of ice and broke his left leg.
to beg with emotions and repetition
- plead (with somebody) (to do something)
- plead (with somebody) (for something)
- plead to do something
- + speech
- pleading eyes
- His eyes silently pleaded with her.
- The teacher was today desperately pleading for news of her son who has disappeared.
- They pleaded for mercy.
- (+ adj.)
- to plead guilty/not guilty
- How do you plead? (= said by the judge at the start of the trial)
- The accused was deemed unfit to plead.
- They hired a top lawyer to plead their case.
- Plead ignorance/illness/tiredness/
insanity /a headache
- He tried to plead insanity (= say that he was seriously mentally ill and therefore not responsible for his actions) but the court convicted him.
- She left early, pleading pressure of work.
- Ellie pleaded illness and went to bed very early.
- No one can plead ignorance of a subject any longer for there are countless DIY publications.
to argue in support of somebody/something
- plead something
- She appeared on television to plead the cause of political prisoners everywhere.
- plead for somebody/something
- The United Nations has pleaded for a halt to the bombing.
[intransitive] to make a deeply felt request to the public, especially for something that is needed immediately
- I am appealing (= asking for money) on behalf of the famine victims.
- appeal for something
- Community leaders appealed for calm (= urged people to remain calm).
- appeal to somebody
- Appeal directly to the public, answer their questions.
- appeal to somebody for something
- The government appealed to the British people for help.
- appeal for somebody to do something
- Police have appealed for witnesses to come forward.
- appeal to somebody to do something
- Organizers appealed to the crowd not to panic.
[intransitive] to make a formal request to a court or to somebody in authority for a judgment or a decision to be changed
- He said he would appeal after being found guilty on four counts of murder.
- appeal against something
- The company is appealing against the ruling.
- appeal to somebody/something against something
- He is seeking leave to appeal to the High Court against the decision.
- appeal to somebody/something
- Permission to appeal to the House of Lords was refused.
[intransitive] appeal (to something) to try to persuade somebody to do something by suggesting that it is a fair, reasonable or honest thing to do
- They needed to appeal to his sense of justice.
to ask somebody to do something in a serious and often emotional way
- entreat somebody
- Please help me, I entreat you.
- entreat somebody to do something
- She entreated him not to go.
- entreat (somebody) + speech
- ‘Please don’t go,’ she entreated (him).
- implore somebody to do something
- She implored him to stay.
- implore (somebody) + speech
- ‘Help me,’ he implored.
- implore somebody
- Tell me it’s true. I implore you.
- to cackle with glee/laughter/mirth/pleasure/delight
- He cackled wildly at the thought.
- + speech
- ‘I won. Too bad,’ she cackled.
- bellow (at somebody)
- They bellowed at her to stop.
- Do you have to bellow in my ear?
- bellow something (at somebody)
- The coach bellowed instructions from the sidelines.
- + speech
- ‘Get over here!’ he bellowed.
- He pulled harder on the rope, grunting with the effort.
- When I told her what had happened she just grunted and turned back to her book.
- grunt something He grunted something about being late and rushed out.
- + speech
- ‘Thanks,’ he grunted.
- ‘But I’ve only just got here,’ he bleated feebly.
- He warbled his way through the song.
- Several people complained of ‘cat-like noises’ at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree.
nag sb. to do something
- When my wife nagged me to do something about it, I told her that either I would have to buy a new mower or let the grass grow.
to criticize somebody/something very strongly
- The film was damned by the critics for its mindless violence.
[transitive] to criticize somebody/something very strongly
slam somebody/something(used especially in newspapers)
- The government has been slammed for failing to take firm action against drinking and driving.
rail (at/against something/somebody) | + speech (formal) to complain about something/somebody in a very angry way
- She railed against the injustice of it all.
[intransitive, transitive] to show that you are very angry about something or with somebody, especially by shouting
- rage (at/against/about somebody/something) He raged against the injustice of it all.
- + speech ‘That’s unfair!’ she raged.
to speak angrily to somebody, especially a child, because they have done something wrong
- scold somebody (for doing something) He scolded them for arriving late.
- scold somebody for something Rose scolded the child gently for her bad behaviour.
- + speech ‘Don’t be such a baby!’ he scolded.
[transitive] to criticize somebody/something severely
- attack somebody/something
- His latest work has been bitterly attacked by the critics.
- attack somebody/something for something
- He was publicly attacked for his political views.
- attack somebody/something for doing something
- The police have been attacked for failing to take immediate action.
- She has been attacked for ignoring her own party members.
- attack somebody/something over something
- The council has been attacked over its lack of investment in public services.
to criticize, to say very strongly that you think something is bad, usually for moral reasons
- condemn somebody/something
- The government issued a statement condemning the killings.
- condemn somebody/something for/as something
- The editor of the newspaper was condemned as lacking integrity.
to strongly criticize somebody/something that you think is wrong, illegal, etc.
- denounce somebody/something
- She publicly denounced the government’s handling of the crisis.
- denounce somebody/something as something
- The project was denounced as a scandalous waste of public money.
to tell the police, the authorities, etc. about somebody’s illegal political activities
- denounce somebody as something
- They were denounced as spies.
- denounce somebody (to somebody)
- Many people denounced their neighbours to the secret police.
- Someone in the village must have denounced them to the authorities.
to strongly criticize somebody/something, especially publicly
decry somebody/something (as something)
- The measures were decried as useless.
castigate somebody/something/yourself (for something) to criticize somebody/something/yourself severely
- He castigated himself for being so stupid.
- The minister castigated schools for falling standards in education.
censure [often passive] (formal)
to criticize somebody severely, and often publicly, because of something they have done
- be censured (for doing something) He was censured for leaking information to the press.
- be censured (for something) The manager was severely censured for negligence.
excoriate somebody/something (formal) to criticize somebody/something severely
chastise somebody (for something/for doing something) (formal) to criticize somebody for doing something wrong
- He chastised the team for their lack of commitment.
revile [often passive] (formal)
revile somebody (for something/for doing something) to criticize somebody/something in a way that shows how much you dislike them
rebuke [often passive] (formal)
rebuke somebody (for something/for doing something) to speak severely to somebody because they have done something wrong
- The company was publicly rebuked for having neglected safety procedures.
- She rebuked herself for her stupidity.
to tell somebody officially that you do not approve of them or their actions
- reprimand somebody for something The officers were severely reprimanded for their unprofessional behaviour.
- reprimand somebody for doing something The judge reprimanded him for using such language in court.
- + speech ‘Don’t be so childish,’ she reprimanded.
to protest or complain about something/somebody
remonstrate (with somebody) (about something) | + speech
- They remonstrated with the official about the decision.
- Shortly afterwards, four more policemen arrived and remonstrated with the workmen.
- I went to the boss to remonstrate against the new rules.
- The editor remonstrated with him about the inaccuracies in the story.
- He remonstrated with the waitress about the size of the bill.
to say officially and/or publicly that something is not true SYNONYM deny
- to repudiate a report
Nothing can be compared, he maintains, with the first cock crow, the twittering of birds at dawn, the sight of the rising sun on the trees and pastures.