Posted in: 其它, 学校

Prepositions and Conjunctions

on a summer evening

on my lunch break

on the phone

in a moment

at the/this moment

  • at present
  • at reception
  • at school
  • at work
  • at home
  • in bed

in the Newspaper/journal/article/book

at the top of the page

  • on time
  • on break
  • on vacation
  • on business
  • on TV
  • on radio
  • on display
  • on sale
  • on strike
  • on call

on the move/go/alert/recovery/rise/phone



  • Alfred stayed in the camp a week before he returned to Athelney. 
  • I shaved before I went to the party. 
  • But I decided to disembark before buying anything. 

才, 强调主句时间很长

  • It will be a long time before we meet again.
  • Looking at his watch, he saw it was one o’clock, but the bell struck thirteen times before it stopped. 

就, 强调主句时间很短

  • I hadn’t waited long before he came. 

n. + as well as + n.: the former is more important

  • besides
  • in addition to 
  • together with
  • along with
  • apart from
  • aside from

not only + n. + but (also) + n.: the latter is more important

There they collected women as well as food and drink. 


because / since / as / for / in that / now (that)

Now that a tunnel has been built through the mountains, the Pass is less dangerous, but each year, the dogs are still sent out into the snow whenever a traveller is in difficulty.

People who work in offices are frequently referred to aswhite-collar workers’ for the simple reason that they usually wear a collar and tie to go to work.

due/thanks/owing to the fact that … 

account for

owe A to B 归因于

  • attribute / assign / ascribe / credit A to B. 
  • put A down to B
  • I owe my success to good luck. 
  • Albert Einstein once attributed the creativity in a famous scientist to the fact that he never went to school. There is undoubtedly a truth in his observation, but such a truth is not criticism of schools. 

For one thing, being a problem gives you a certain identity,  and this is one of the things the young are busily engaged in seeking.

For one thing … ; / and for another …

for one reason, for another thing, 

used to introduce a reason for sth
―“Why don’t you get a car?”
―“Well, for one thing, I can’t drive!”
―”Why won’t you come to New York with me?”
―”For one thing, I don’t like flying, and for another, I can’t afford it.”


not that …, but that …

  • Not that I love Caesar less, but that I love Rome more. – Shakespeare ” Julius Caesar”.
  • Not that I love you less, but that I love liberty more. 
  • Not that I love my teacher less, but that I love truth more. 

It is not that … but (that) …

  • It was not that I actually remembered anything at all. But my father had described over and over again what we should see at every milestone, after leaving the nearest town, so that I was positive I should recognize it as familiar territory. 

It is true that …, / Admittedly, …, / Granted, …,


  • that is not to say that …
    it does not follow that …
  • it does not necessarily mean that …
  • we cannot ensure / guarantee that …
  • there is no guarantee that …

It was true that he had just bought a lamb, he explained, but his lamb was black.

It is true that China is still a developing country, but she is full of potential.

It is true that during their explorations they often faced difficulties and dangers of the most perilous nature, equipped in a manner which would make a modern climber shudder at the thought, but they did not go out of their way to court such excitement.

Admittedly, I could have tried harder, but I still don’t think all this criticism is fair.
Granted, he doesn’t look too bad for his age, but I don’t fancy him.
Granted, a snobbery of camping itself, based upon equipment and techniques, already exists; but it is of a kind that, if he meets it, he can readily understand and deal with.

造句:确实很多大学生选择继续读研究生 (pursue their graduate studies),但这并不意味着他 们都想做学者。
It is true that many college students choose to pursue their graduate studies, but it does not necessarily mean that they want to be scholars.

Admittedly, it was difficult, but it wasn’t impossible.
Granted, he doesn’t look too bad for his age, but I don’t fancy him.

admittedly [əd’mɪtɪdli]adv. 诚然,的确,确实
admittedly adv. used, especially at the beginning of a sentence, when you are accepting that sth is true 诚然,的确,确实

Admittedly, he didn’t know that at the time.
Admittedly it was an unusual pie dish, for it was 18 feet long and six feet wide.

the way in which | that | /  ….

the time when | at which | that | /  she was here. 

In times of peace, when business was bad, Hawkwood and his men would march into a city-state and, after burning down a few farms, would offer to go away if protection money was paid to them.

provided (that) …
providing (that) …
as / so long as …
‘So long as there’s something to identify, we will give people their money back,’ said a spokeswoman for the Bank.

on condition (that) …
only if …
She will go only if Peter goes.
Only if Peter goes will she go.

not … but …

But he had deduced that the Danes were not fit for prolonged battle: and that their commissariat had no organization, but depended on irregular raids.

So, faced with the Danish advance, Alfred did not risk open battles but harried the enemy.

Alfred harried the enemy 

  • instead of risking open battle.
  • in preference to 
  • in place of 
  • rather than risked open battle

rather than 

  • She telephoned rather than wrote. 
  • He is to be pitied rather than to be disliked.