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不尚賢,使民不爭;不貴難得之貨,使民不為盜;不見可欲,使 民心不亂。 是以圣人之治,虛其心,實其腹,弱其志,強其骨。常使民無知 無欲(守其真也)。使夫智者不敢為也。為無為,則無不治。

排弃充斥于人民心中的各种成见,满足人民的温饱需求,软化人民的犟 执趋求,提高人民的自立自足能力。


不崇尚贤才异能,使人民不至于炫技逞能而争名逐利。不看重稀贵之物,使人民不做 盗贼。不显露足以引起贪欲的物事,使人民的心思不至于被扰乱。因此,圣人治理天 下的原则是:排弃充斥于人民心中的各种成见,满足人民的温饱需求,软化人民的犟 执趋求,提高人民的自立自足能力。通常使人民不执成见、不生贪欲,使那些”智者” 不敢为所欲为。从事于无所成为的作为,即可以得到全面的治理。

If you don’t praise great ability or high morality,
people won’t compete.
If you don’t treasure valuables,
people won’t steal.

The Master leads
by emptying people’s minds
and filling their cores,
by weakening their ambition
and toughening their resolve.
He helps people lose everything
they know, everything they desire,
and creates confusion in those
who think that they know.

Practice not-doing,
and everything will fall into place.



Everything finds its right place and does its best. 

give full scope to the talents; everybody was let to display his talents fully.; let everybody fully display his talents [attainments].; Everyone works or endeavours to the best of one’s ability; Everyone does his/her best. 

the soil is put to the best use;

let all things serve their proper purpose. each answers the purpose intended. 

A place for everything and everything in its place.